Global problems facing the marine fisheries sector, including overfishing and the marginalization of the small-scale sector, are leading to increased international awareness of the need to improve transparency in fisheries governance. This Issue paper considers the situation in Africa, where access to information on commercial fisheries and related investments, including foreign aid for fisheries development and marine conservation, are generally lacking. It suggests improving transparency may lead to important gains, such as reducing corruption, improving the effectiveness of aid, and combating illegal fishing. However, the extent to which transparency can make a difference in these areas depends on a number of conditions, including the strength of mediating organisations, the strength of accountability mechanisms, and whether there are robust means to allow for ‘principal-led’ transparency. The paper reflects on the value of establishing a dedicated transparency initiative for marine fisheries inspired by the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI).
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has released its Economic Outlook for Sub-Saharan Africa. The health crisis has precipitated an economic crisis reflecting three large shocks: disruption of production and a sharp reduction in demand; spillovers from a sharp deterioration in global growth and tighter financial conditions; and a severe decline in commodity prices. As a result, the region’s economy is projected to contract by 1.6 percent this year—the worst-reading on record. Some economies such as this highly dependent on tourism are expected to shrink further.
Link to publication: https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/REO/SSA/Issues/2020/04/01/sreo0420
A 2016 analysis by the Rand Corporation, a US think tank, found that of the 25 countries in the world that are most vulnerable to infectious outbreaks, 22 are in Africa.
Link to E-book: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1605.html
Evaluates the preparedness and vulnerability of African countries against their risk of importation of COVID-19.
Preparedness and vulnerability of African countries against importations of COVID-19: a modelling study