Paper shows that wild mammals that were at risk of extinction owing to human activities carried twice the zoonotic diseases compared to animals that were not at the same risk. Among threatened wildlife species, those with population reductions owing to exploitation and loss of habitat shared more viruses with humans. This has increased opportunities for animal-human interactions and facilitated zoonotic-disease transmission.
Link to article: https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2019.2736
A new paper, 26 March, describes multiple lineages of pangolin coronavirus and their similarity to the SARS-CoV-2. A previous study had suggested that Pangolins could be intermediate hosts. Although bats are likely reservoir hosts for SARS-CoV-2, this study says that pangolins should be considered as possible hosts in the emergence of novel coronaviruses and should be removed from wet markets to prevent zoonotic transmission. The study was done on Malayan pangolins (Manis javanica) seized in anti-smuggling operations in southern China. Pangolins are the world’s most trafficked animals.
Link to article: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2169-0
Review identifies 1415 species of infectious organism known to be pathogenic to humans. Out of these, 868 (61%) are zoonotic, that is, they can be transmitted between humans and animals, and 175 pathogenic species are associated with diseases considered to be ’emerging’. Out of the emerging pathogens, 132 (75%) are zoonotic.
Link to article: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11516376
While many of us are social distancing and self-quarantining, we have a lot of time to wonder, how did we get in this coronavirus mess in the first place? The answer is a zoonotic disease – a disease that can leap from animal to human. In order to prevent future pandemics, we need to change our relationship with wildlife. So what does that mean exactly?
1. Stop wildlife trade
2. Stop wildlife consumption
3. Stop destroying nature
Link to article: https://www.treehugger.com/health/how-stop-pandemics-3-steps.html
The World Organisation for Animal Health says that there have not been any reports of pets presenting clinical signs caused by COVID-19 virus infection and currently there is no evidence that they play a significant epidemiological role in this disease.
Linke to article: https://www.oie.int/en/scientific-expertise/specific-information-and-recommendations/questions-and-answers-on-2019novel-coronavirus/
An article from the Food and Environment Reporting Network on Asia’s huge infectious disease-producing wildlife trade and whether it can be stopped.
Link to article: https://thefern.org/2020/03/can-asias-infectious-disease-producing-wildlife-trade-be-stopped/
Asian Pangolin species, the worlds most traded wild animals, are Critically
Endangered because of illegal trade. Now the species which may be the
intermediate host of COVID-19 is in even more danger as panic killing may wipe
Link to article: https://biologicaldiversity.org/w/news/press-releases/pangolins-decline-deadly-poaching-continues-red-list-experts-find-2019-12-10/
Scientists are racing to identify the source of the coronavirus and several papers have been published purporting bats to be the primary host and pangolins to be the intermediate carrier.
Link to article: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00548-w